Isu takambonyora nezve nezve kushandiswa mitambo yemavhidhiyo yekuvandudza kugona kuverenga muvana vane dyslexia, zviviri zve hukama pakati pehunyanzvi hwekutarisa uye dyslexia. Achangopfuura Franceschini naBertoni[1], vatsvagiri vaviri vane mabhuku mazhinji esainzi anoshanda pane iyi nyaya, vakaita ongororo kuti vaenderere mberi nekuongorora mhedzisiro yemitambo yevhidhiyo mitambo pane kugona kuverenga muvana vane Evolutionary dyslexia.

Boka diki revana gumi nevasere vane kuongororwa kweEvolutionary Dyslexia rakasarudzwa uye rakaiswa mumateedzana phonological kuverenga-pfupi-uye kuverenga ndangariro. Pashure paizvozvo vana vese vakatora chikamu mune 2 vhiki yekudzidziswa, kwehuwandu hwegumi nemaviri eawa imwe yega yega, ayo aisanganisira kubatsira 12 yeaviri anogona chiitiko chevhidhiyo mitambo. Iyi mitambo yemavhidhiyo miviri inoonekwa ne "kusimbisa kwepasirese uye maitiro epasirese ekuona, kumhanya zvakanyanya maererano nezviitiko zvenguva pfupi uye zvinhu zvinofamba, zvese spatially uye zvenguva isingafungiri, uye yakakwirira ye perceptual uye mota mutoro"[1].

Pakupera kwekudzidziswa kupfupi vana vakapihwa bvunzo dzakafanana dzakashandiswa muchikamu chekutanga kuti vaongorore mabudiro avo.


Yakawanda inonakidza mhedzisiro yakabuda kubva kutsvagurudzo:

  • Sezvatinotarisirwa, rovedzo yakaratidza kushanda pakukasira kukurumidza kuverenga, ichisvika mumavhiki maviri kuwedzera kwekukurumidza (0,11 syllables pamasekondi) zvinoita kunge zvinongoerekana zvachinja kumirira mugore mune zvakajairika vana (0,15 syllables pamasekondi)
  • Kuwedzera kwevhidhiyo mutambo kugona uye yakaenzana a kuwedzera kwe pfupi-yenguva yekuyeuka kwemashoko
  • Kwevhiki mbiri idzi vamwe vana havana kuwedzera mashandiro avo kumutambo wevhidhiyo uye kwete vana vese vakawedzera kukurumidza kwavo kuverenga
  • Iko kuvandudzwa kwemutambo wevhidhiyo kwakabatana nekuwedzera kwekukurumidza kuverenga. Mune mamwe mazwi, vana vakaratidza kuvandudzika kushoma mumutambo wevhidhiyo zvakare kwakaratidza kuvandudzika kushoma mukuverenga.
  • Paive neimwe inopindirana nekupindirana pakati pekuwedzera kwekukurumidza kuverenga uye nhamba yezvikanganiso mukuyedzwa kwakafanana, ndiko kuti, kuwedzera kwekumhanya kunoenderana nekuderera kwekurongeka.

Kunyangwe iyo fundo yakaitwa nenhamba shoma yevatori vechikamu uye pasina boka rekudzora, hazvigoneke kufuratira ruzivo rwakakodzera uye kusahadzika kwakamutswa nekutsvaga uku. Chekutanga pane zvese, zvinouya chakasimbisa mukana wekumhanyisa kuverenga (chimwe chezvinhu chakaomesesa kubata nacho) a kudzidziswa nechimiro chakasimba chinotamba, chinhu chakakodzera kwazvo kune varairidzi kuti basa ravo rinofanirwa kubata nekushaikwa kwekurudziro iyo vana vanowanzo kuratidza mukutora chikamu mumitambo yekudzidzira yakanangidzirwa ivo.

Chimwe chinhu chakakosha ndechekuti havazi vese vana vanokwanisa kuwedzera mashandiro avo mumutambo wevhidhiyo yechiitiko uye kuti vana ava ndivo vamwe chete vasingavimbe mukuverenga. Izvi zvinovhura mibvunzo yakati wandei pamusoro pekudiwa kwe Ziva pamberi pehunhu hwezvidzidzo zvinokwanisa kubatsirwa nerudzi urwu rwedzidzo.

Kudzokorora kweramangwana kwerudzi urwu rwezvidzidzo kunogona kubatsira kuti kunzwisise kubatana pakati pekuwedzera kwekukurumidza kuverenga uye kuderera kwekunyatsotevedzera kudzidziswa, kuyedza kujekesa kuti izvi zvinoitika nguva dzose uye kuti ukuru hwacho hahuremi here.

Kutanga typing uye pinda Enter kuti utsvage

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