Kuyedzwa kwehuremu hwehungwaru ikozvino kwapinda kiriniki yekukura mune zera rekukura, kunyanya kana kuongororwa kwemwana kana kuyaruka kuchinetsa nezvekunzwisisa zvinhu.

Muenzaniso chaiwo ndewe chaiwo matambudziko ekudzidza: ongororo yekuongorora inosanganisira, pakati pezvimwe zvinodiwa, kusiiwa kwekuvapo kwekushomeka kwehungwaru; Nechinangwa ichi, tsika inoona kushandiswa kwemiedzo yeiyo IQ (IQ), kazhinji multicomponentials senge WISC-IV. Uyu muedzo wakavakirwa pane izvo zvinonzi CHC modhi kuyera kugona kwekuziva kurambidzwa e yakakura.

Iyo CHC modhi inofungidzira matatu masisitimu ezvikamu: kumusoro kune iyo g factor, iyo yatinogona kutaura nezvayo patinotaura nezve huchenjeri hwepasirese hwemunhu, iyo ingangodaro inofanirwa kubva pachiyero che QI; padanho repakati panofanira kuve nezvimwe zvishoma zvishoma asi zvakadaro zvakafara zvinhu (semuenzaniso, kungwara kwemvura, crystallized intelligence, L 'kudzidza and the kuona kunoonekwa); padanho repasi panofanira kuve nehunyanzvi chaihwo (semuenzaniso, nzvimbo yekuongorora, fonetiki yekunyora).


Iyo WISC-IV, sedzimwe bvunzo, inotarisa zvakanyanya pamatanho maviri epamusoro-soro: iyo g factor (saka iyo IQ) uye zvinhu zvakakudziridzwa zveiyo chikamu chechipiri (semuenzaniso, iyo nzwisiso yemazwiiye kuona-kuona kufungala kushanda ndangariro and the kugadzirisa kumhanya).

Zvisinei, mune dzakawanda zviitiko iyo IQ inoita senge isinganzwisisike nekuda kwekusawirirana kukuru pakati pezvikamu zvakasiyana zvakawanikwa mukati meWISC-IV; iyi ndiyo kesi yezvinetso zvekudzidza zvakasarudzika (DSA): zvinoenderana nekumwe kufungidzira, mu50% ruzivo rwehungwaru rwaizoratidza zvinopesana zvinoita kuti IQ ive nhamba isina kukosha. Mune aya mamiriro, varapi vepfungwa vanoita iyi mhando yekuwongorora vanowanzo gara zvakanyanya pazvinhu zvechipiri chikamu, kuongorora kusimba uye kushaya simba.

Muhurukuro yese iyi, zvimwe zvinhu zvinowanzo kufuratirwa:

  • Yakawanda sei iyo chikamu chehungwaru (QIiri pasi rose inosangana nematambudziko edzidzo?
  • Zvakawanda sei i zvinhu zvechipiri chechipiri, ayo anowanzo kuyerwa neakawanda-echinhu IQ bvunzo, ari vanofanotaura nezvokubudirira muzvidzidzo?

Muna 2018, Zaboski[1] nevamwe vake vakaedza kupindura uyu mubvunzo nekudzokorora kutsvagiswa kwakaburitswa pamusoro penyaya iyi kubva muna 1988 kusvika 2015. Zvakananga, vakatarisa pazvidzidzo zvakaongororwa muyero wehunyanzvi nematanho ematanho akawanda kuti IQ nevamwe zvinhu zvaive zvine chekuita nekudzidza kuchikoro. Kunyanya, kuwedzera kune iyo QI, tsvagurudzo yakatarisisa yakasarudzwa kufunga kwemvura, ruzivo rwakawanda (iyo yatinogona zvakare kureva se crystallized intelligence), ndangariro dzakareba, kugadzirisa kuona, kugadzirisa kwekuongorora, pfupi-pfupi ndangariro, kugadzirisa kumhanya.

Chii chakawanikwa nevaongorori?

Unyanzvi hwakawanda hwakawedzerwa hwaizokwanisa kutsanangura isingasviki gumi muzana yekubudirira muzvidzidzo e zvisingapfuuri makumi maviri muzana, zvisinei nezera rinotariswa (pamusoro penhambo yenguva kubva pamatanhatu kusvika kumatanhatu emakore). Asi, iyo IQ yaizotsanangura paavhareji 54% yekubudirira mune zvedzidzo (kubva padiki pe41% yekuverenga pazera re6 kusvika ku8, kusvika pamakumi matanhatu ezana muzana ezviuru zvehunyanzvi hwemasvomhu, zvakare pazera re60 kusvika ku6).

Pakati pehunyanzvi hwakawedzerwa, iyoruzivo rwakawanda inoratidzika kunge iri yehukama zvakanyanya kune kumwe kudzidza kwechikoro, kunyanya kune hunyanzvi hwekuverenga uye nzwisiso yemavara; mune zvese zviitiko mutsauko wakatsanangurwa i20%.

Kune rimwe divi, zvinonakidza kucherechedza kuwirirana kusiri pakati peiyo kufunga kwemvura uye dzinenge dzese dzidzo dzekuchikoro dzinoongororwa mune ino meta-ongororo. Izvo chete zvinosarudzika hunyanzvi hwekuverenga masvomhu muboka rezera re9-13 (11% kusiyanisa kwakatsanangurwa) uye hunyanzvi hwekugadzirisa matambudziko muboka rezera re14-19 (11% kusiyana kwakatsanangurwa).

Iyi data inoda kuratidzwa pakushandiswa kweye monocomponential bvunzo senge Raven's Progressive Matrices (nanhasi anowanzo shandiswa seye chete bvunzo yekuziva mune dzakawanda ongororo yekuongorora) ayo anotarisana chete nekufunga kwemvura.

Iko kungangoita wega kuvapo kwe hukama husina kusimba pakati pehunyanzvi hwakawedzeredzwa weCHC modhi uye kudzidza kuchikoro, inoratidza chenjedzo mukududzira nekuita fungidziro zvichibva pazviratidzo izvi (semuenzaniso, pakuita zvedzidzo kana pakuvapo kwekuremara kwekudzidza).

Mukupfupisa, maererano nedata rekutsvaga uku, huwandu hwakazara hwezviyero zvehungwaru zvakawanda, iyo IQ, zvinoita kunge ndiyo chete data rakabatana zvine mutsindo nekuita kwechikoro.

Kutanga typing uye pinda Enter kuti utsvage

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