Munyaya yapfuura yatakataura nezvayo chidzidzo pamabasa epamusoro chinofungidzira hunyanzvi hwemasvomhu.

Ino nguva, zvakadaro, nekuda kwekudzidza kwakaitwa naJohann nevamwe vake [1], isu tichataura nezvazvo mabasa makuru uye kuverenga. Kunyanya, pakuverenga, kutsanangura uye kunzwisisa, zviviri zvakazvimiririra asi zvakapindirana zvikuru zvikamu, zvichaongororwa.

Iyo yekufungidzira ndeyekuti akasiyana masekisiki emabasa makuru anogona kuita basa rakakosha mukuverenga. Zvikuru sei:


  • La kushanda ndangariro kazhinji, maererano neazvino zvidzidzo (kunyanya iyo meta-kuongororwa naPeng nevamwe pamwe [2]), inoenderana zvakanyanya nehunyanzvi hwekuverenga, kunyanya mumakore ekutanga, kana muchikamu chekuwana chekuverenga, uchishanda mundangariro nhaurwa kunyanya inogona kubatsira zvakanyanya mumatanho anotevera.
  • La Kubvuma sanduko inogona kutora chinzvimbo chakakosha mukugadzirisa shanduko pakati peruzivo rwakakosha kungoverengwa uye ruzivo rutsva rwunowanikwa panguva yekuverenga.
  • L 'chinovhiringidza inogona kushandiswa kuona ruzivo rwakakodzera panguva yekuverenga, uchisiya isinganyanye kukosha.

Kudzidza

Chidzidzo ichi chakaitwa 186 Vana veGerman wechitatu uye wechina graders avo vakatsigira:

  • Basa re span (memory memory)
  • Chikwekwe-sebasa (chipingaidzo)
  • Basa rekuchinja (kushanduka)
  • Muedzo wekuverenga
  • Muedzo we kungwara kwemvura (mavara matrices eRaven)

MuGerman bhatiri bvunzo (ELFE 1-6) kuongororwa kwekunzwisisa kunoitwa pamatanho matatu:

  • Izwi (zvinhu makumi manomwe nezviviri): iyo hurukuro inoona mufananidzo uye inofanira kusarudza izwi rinoenderana pakati pemazwi mana akafanana phonologically (maminetsi matatu kuti aite akawanda sezvinobvira)
  • Sentence (makumi matatu nemasere): chinyorwa chinofanira kusarudza izwi kupedzisa mutsara kubva kune vane phonologiki zvakafanana zvinotsausa (maminetsi matatu kuita zvakanyanya sezvinobvira)
  • Kunzwisisa (zvinyorwa gumi neshanu): chinyorwa chinofanira kuverenga zvinyorwa uye kupindura mibvunzo makumi maviri nesarudzo yekubvunzwa mumaminitsi manomwe

Mhedzisiro yacho

Chidzidzo chakaratidza kuti:

  • Iyo yekushanda memory span uye inhibition ivo vanogadzirisa zvakanyanya nekukurumidza kumhanya, asi (zvinoshamisa) kwete nerugwaro rwekunzwisisa
  • Kuchinjika inopindirana zvakanyanya nekunzwisisa kwechinyorwa
  • Fluid njere inogadzirisa nekunzwisisa kwese kwemaviri uye kumhanya kwekuverenga

 

Muzhinji, sezvataona kune hukama huripo mabasa makuru uye kugona kwemasvomhu, zvidzidzo zvakaita seizvi zvinotanga kuratidza hukama pakati pezvimwe zvikamu uye mhedzisiro yatinoedza kuwana, uye izvi zvinogona kubatsira pakuronga kupindira. Kune rimwe divi, zvinogara zvakanaka kuyeuka kuti iyo yepamusoro inoshanda modhi iri, senguva dzose, modhi, uye izvo kazhinji maitiro anobatanidzwa anopfuura aya anosanganisirwa muchidzidzo; njodzi yekupotsa izvo zvinokanganisa zvinosiyana-siyana ndeye, saka, kuti ifungidzwe.

Uyezve, sezvambotaurwa pakutanga, hukama pakati pekushanda ndangariro nekuverenga zvinoita kunge zvinosiyana nezera, saka chidzidzo chakadai, chakatarisana neyechitatu uye chechina vana vegiredhi, chinogona kunge chisingaverengeki kumazamu ekumusoro uye epamusoro makirasi. Nekudaro, inoramba iri nzvimbo yakanaka yekutanga kuyedza kunzwisisa nzira dzakasiyana idzo dzinodzikisa kumhanya kwekuverenga nekunzwisisa, maviri mabasa akaenderana zvikuru asi, sekusimbiswa kwechidzidzo ichi, zvakare mune dzimwe nzira dzakazvimirira.

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