Takatotaura nezve chikamu chemabasa makuru mukati fungidzira kuita kwechikoro and of pamwechete kushanda ndangariro uye kuverenga kuverenga. Nhasi, zvakadaro, isu tichaongorora ongororo yakaitwa naWel uye vatinoshanda navo (2018) [1] vakaiongorora hukama pakati mabasa makuru uye inotevera kudzidza kwemasvomhu, ine makore mana emakore kudzidza kweChinese vana.

Kutanga kubva kuMiyake modhi [2], vatsvagiri vakafunga zvikamu zvitatu zvezvikamu zvemabasa makuru

  • chinovhiringidza: kugona kudzvinyirira zvisingaiti uye zvisina basa ruzivo
  • Kubvuma sanduko: kugona kuita maitiro akasiyana zvichienderana nekushandurwa kwemitemo kana rudzi rwebasa
  • kushanda ndangariro: kugona kuchengetedza uye kugadzirisa ruzivo kwenguva pfupi yenguva

Kudzidza yakatevera 192 Chinese chechipiri vana vegiredhi kwemakore mana, pakupera kweiyo chete 165 vakaenderera mberi kutora chikamu mukudzidza. Kuongororwa kwemabasa makuru kwakaitwa pamwe:

  • Zvirongwa zvakarongeka (CAS bhatiri) yekuchinjika
  • Kunyatsotarisisa (CAS bhatiri) yekudzivirira
  • Reverse digit span (WISC betri) yekushanda mundangariro

Kuongororwa kweiyo dhata, mambure emamwe marimetimetimendi akadai senge asiri ekutaura ruzivo, kugadzirisa nekumhanya uye pfungwa yehuwandu, zvakaratidza kuti zvese zvitatu zvidimbu zvezvikamu zvemabasa makuru zvakabatana, asi fungidzira zvakasiyana. Zvikuru sei:

  • Kushanda ndangariro kunongoita sekufungidzira kukura kwekunyatsojeka pakuverenga
  • Inhibition uye memory memory inoshanda inoita kunge inogadzirisa neiyo yekutanga nhanho yehuwandu hwekuverenga, asi kwete pamwe nekukura kwayo

Kunyangwe paine misiyano iripo pakati pechina cheChinese neItaly masystems, izvi ndizvo zvekutanga data zvinotitendera kuti tizive zvimwe zvikamu zvinodaidzwa kutamba mune humwe hunyanzvi, nechinangwa chekuita zvinowedzera zvinotarisirwa kurapwa mune ramangwana.

Iwe unogona zvakare kufarira: "Kutamba" nemabasa makuru. Inochinja here nekunakidzwa?

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kuverenga uye mabasa makuru