Takatotaura nezve chikamu chemabasa makuru mukati fungidzira kuita kwechikoro and of pamwechete kushanda ndangariro uye kuverenga kuverenga. Nhasi, zvakadaro, isu tichaongorora ongororo yakaitwa naWel uye vatinoshanda navo (2018) [1] vakaiongorora hukama pakati mabasa makuru uye inotevera kudzidza kwemasvomhu, ine makore mana emakore kudzidza kweChinese vana.

Kutanga kubva kuMiyake modhi [2], vatsvagiri vakafunga zvikamu zvitatu zvezvikamu zvemabasa makuru

  • chinovhiringidza: kugona kudzvinyirira zvisingaiti uye zvisina basa ruzivo
  • Kubvuma sanduko: kugona kuita akasiyana maitiro anoenderana nekuchinja kwemitemo kana mhando yebasa
  • kushanda ndangariro: kugona kuchengetedza uye kugadzirisa ruzivo kwenguva pfupi yenguva

Kudzidza yakatevera 192 Chinese chechipiri vana vegiredhi kwemakore mana, pakupera kweiyo chete 165 vakaenderera mberi kutora chikamu mukudzidza. Kuongororwa kwemabasa makuru kwakaitwa pamwe:


  • Zvirongwa zvakarongeka (CAS bhatiri) yekuchinjika
  • Kuratidzira kutarisa (CAS bhatiri) yeiyo inhibition
  • Reverse digit span (WISC betri) yekushanda mundangariro

Kubva pakuongororwa kwedata, mambure emamwe maparameter akayerwa senge asiri eremuromo ungwaru, kumhanyisa kumhanyisa uye pfungwa yenhamba, zvakabuda kuti zvese zvitatu zvidimbu zvemabasa epamusoro zvakabatana, asi fungidzira zvakasiyana zvinhu. Zvikuru sei:

  • Kushanda ndangariro kunongoita sekufungidzira kukura kwekururama mukuverenga
  • Kuvhiringidza uye kushanda ndangariro zvinoita sekuenderana neiyo yekutanga nhanho yehuwandu hwekuverenga, asi kwete pamwe nekukura kwayo

Kunyangwe paine misiyano iripo pakati pechina cheChinese neItaly masystems, izvi ndizvo zvekutanga data zvinotitendera kuti tizive zvimwe zvikamu zvinodaidzwa kutamba mune humwe hunyanzvi, nechinangwa chekuita zvinowedzera zvinotarisirwa kurapwa mune ramangwana.

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