Zvinozivikanwa kutizera repakati rehuwandu hwevanhu veItalia huri kuramba hunowanda.

Ichi ndicho chimwe chezvikonzero nei kwenguva yakareba vazhinji vehutano vakazvipira mukuwedzera huwandu kuzvirwere zvine chekuita nekukwegura, pakati pavo paine - uye nekuwedzera kwakawanda - iyo dementias, kunyanya dziya dzine chekuita nechirwere cheAlzheimer's.

Hazvishamise, pamusoro pemakore isu takapa yakawanda nzvimbo kune iyi misoro; semuenzaniso, takataura nezvazvo zvinhu zvine njodzi uye zvinodzivirira zvinhu mune dementia, uye pakati pezvinhu zvekudzivirira zvinogona kuvapo creativeness and the bilingualism, pakati pezvinhu zvine njodzi zvinogona kuve kukanganiswa kwehope kana kuvapo kwa Mci.


Isu takazvipirawo isu chaiyo bvunzo yemhando dzakasiyana siyana dzedementia kana kufanotaura kushanduka kwe prodromal mafomu; isu takapihwa zvakare nzvimbo kudzoka kwekudzoka kwemitemo mune zvimwe zviitiko zvezuva nezuva, zvakadai se kugona kutyaira (qui iwe unogona kuverenga chinyorwa pamusoro pekuongororwa kwekugona kwekutyaira muAlzheimer's), uye uchienzanisa mune iyi pfungwa Marudzi matatu akasiyana dementia kana kunyange izvoMci.

Chekupedzisira, takapa mukana kune nzira dzekupindira idzo neuropsychology nyanzvi dzinogona kutora kuchengetedza kugona kwekuziva muvanhu vane dementia uye MCI kwenguva yakareba sezvinobvira, nekuenzanisa Marudzi matatu akasiyana ekuziva ekukurudzira mune vanhu vari panjodzi yekuda kuoneka e 3 kudzidziswa komputa nell'MCI.

Mumakore achangopfuura, zvisinei, isu takatanga kutaura kwete chete nezvekurapwa kwezvirwere zvine chekuita nekukweguru asiwo nezve kukwegura kune hutano. Imwe yedzimwe nzira dzekuzera zera nekuyedza kudzikisira kudzikama kuderera zvechokwadi ndiko kudzidziswa kwekuziva kwakagadzirirwa vakweguru.

Isu zvakare munguva pfupi yapfuura takataura pamusoro peizvi nekupa chinyorwa kutsvagurudzo[3], inoitiswa pane vanhu vari pakati pemakore makumi matanhatu nemakumi manomwe nemashanu, umo ivo vatori vechikamu vakapinda pfupi yekushanda yekurangarira kudzidziswa kwemisangano mitanhatu, kuratidza kuvandudzwa muhunyanzvi hwakawanda hwekuziva (kushanda ndangariro, kumhanyisa mhanyisa, mabasa makuru uye huchenjeri).

Kugara mumunda wehutano hwekukwegura, nhasi tinoda kutaura nezvekutsvaga[2] zvakafanana asi zvinoitwa pane vanhu vanoonekwa sevakakura kwazvo, kureva, vari pakati pemakore makumi manomwe nemasere nemakumi mashanu emakore.

Tsvakurudzo

Muchidzidzo ichi Borella uye nevamwe, vachishandisa a kushanda memory memory kurapa protocol yakashandiswa mune kumwe kutsvakwa uye pane dzakasiyana zvechipatara uye zvine hutano vanhu, vaishandisa pfupi pfupi yekurangarira kudzidziswa kwe Misangano 6 chete uye boka revakagwinya asi vakuru vanhu.

Zvikurukuru, kungwara kwekuita kweboka revanhu gumi nemasere (vane makore makumi mapfumbamwe nemashanu eavhareji zera) yakaenzaniswa neiyo yerimwe boka revanhu gumi nevaviri (nguva dzose makumi mana nemasere emakore pakati pezera). Boka rekutanga rakapinda muchiridzo chedzidzo inoshanda apo iro boka rechipiri rakaitisa mamwe maitiro ezviitiko zvakafanana nguva. Kufananidza nekuvandudzwa uku, mapoka ese ari maviri akavezwa, asati uye mushure mekudzidziswa, kuongororwa kwechiitiko chechiropa kwakatarisa pane zvinotevera zvinotevera:

  • Kushanda ndangariro, kuyedzwa nemubvunzo (Kubata Memory Span kudhindisa[5]) zvakafanana nezvakaitwa pamisangano mitanhatu;
  • Kuziva kwekuvhara, inoongororwa nehuwandu hwemashoko akarangarira zvisizvo (zvakatorwa kuBB[5]);
  • Kushanda kwezuva nezuva, inoongororwa kuburikidza neMazuva ese Matambudziko Bvunzo[1] and the Yakaridzwa zviitiko zvekushandisa zvehupenyu hwezuva nezuva mabasa[7];
  • Mabasa ekuziva ane chekuita nemazuva ese zviitiko, kubudikidza ne nzwisiso uye kuitwazve kwekutsanangurwa kwenzvimbo[7];
  • Kurangarira kwenguva refu, kuburikidza nebasa re kushamwaridzana-zita[4].

Mhedzisiro yacho

Kuongorora zviyero zvisati zvaitika kurapwa, mushure mekurapwa uye mushure memwedzi mitanhatu, uye tichienzanisa mapoka maviri aya, akushanda kwekushanda kwekudzidzira ndangariro kunyanya pakushanda ndangariro, hunyanzvi hwehupenyu hwezuva nezuva uye kugona (mukuita, pakati pebvunzo-yekutevera nekutevera, vatori vechikamu mukudzidziswa kwekushanda kwekuvandudza miedzo yakagadziriswa, kunze kwekubatana kwezita rekudyidzana).

mhedziso

Tsvagurudzo iyi inoita seinoratidza mukana wekuvandudza mashandiro ehunhu kunyangwe pazera repamberi, zvichitungamira mune zvakanaka mararamiro ehupenyu hwevakuru.

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