Kukuvadzwa kwekushanda kwendangariro ndechimwe chezvinhu zvakajairika zvekuziva mushure mekuwana kukuvara kwehuropi [4]. Patinotaura nezvekukanganisika kwekuyeuka isu tinowanzo funga nezvekuoma kwekuyeuka zvakaitika zvekare kana kudzidza ruzivo rutsva; mune iyi nyaya tinoreva kune inonzi episodic memory.
Asi kana tichireva nezve chiito chinofanirwa kutorwa mune ramangwana tinenge tichitaura nezve maonero ndangariro. Iko kugona kuyeuka kuita chiito panguva yakakodzera chiitiko chakarongwa uye chinoonekwa sechikamu chakakosha chekuziva chinoshanda icho chinobvumira humwe kuzvitonga muhupenyu hwezuva nezuva. [12]. Sekureva kwaEllis [2] uyo anofungidzirwa ndangariro ane 5 zvikamu:

Kudzidziswa uye kukodha chinangwa chekuita chiito

Kuchengeta chinangwa kwenguva yakati rebei


Kudzoreredzwa kwechinangwa

Kuurayiwa kwechiito panguva yakatarwa

Kuongororwa kwemhedzisiro

Kunyangwe mhando dzakasiyana dzakagadzirwa kuti dzitsanangure mafambisirwo anoitwa mundangariro anofungidzirwa, iwo ose anogovera zvinhu zvitatu zvakafanana: nguva inopfuura pakati pekuumbwa uye kuitwa kwechinangwa, kusavapo kwe "rubatsiro" rwekunze runofarira kudzoka kubva mundangariro. zvechinangwa ichi, uye kukosha kwekukanganisa chiitiko muchienderera mberi kuti uite chinangwa [10]. Izvo zvinoonekwa kubva kune aya mafomati kuti raingave iro basa rakabatana rezvinoverengeka mabasa ekuziva, kunyanya episodic ndangariro uye mabasa makuru: metacognitive hunyanzvi zvine chekuita nenzira iyo ndangariro inogadzirwa, kuronga, maitiro ekutarisisa, kuyeuka zviri mukati mezvinangwa (zvekuti zvinopindirana nemaitiro ari kufambira mberi) uye kugona kuongorora kuti mhedzisiro inoenderana nevavariro yekutanga [1].

Kukanganiswa kweimwe yeaya mano kunogona kukanganisa iwo maonero ndangariro uye kupumha kwazviri nako kunova zviine tsananguro kushandurwa zvichitevera kukuvara kwehuropi. Nechikonzero ichi kuedza kwakawanda kwakaitwa kugadzirisa tsika yekuyeuka. Boka revatsvagiri [9] akaongorora humbowo mumabhuku esainzi achiedza kunzwisisa kuti ndedzipi nzira dzinonyanya kushanda pachinangwa ichi. Uchishandisa hunhu hwemhando yepamusoro ivo vakasarudza tsvagurudzo gumi nembiri dzinoenderana nemaitiro aya, vachidhiza ruzivo rwakawanda runonakidza rwatingatarisira munzira iyi:

Muzhinji, kutsvakisisa kwakanangana nezve nzira dzekumanikidzira (matipi ekuti utenderere zvakawoma pane kudzoreredza wakakuvara basa) zvichibva pane zvekubatsira ekunze, senge zvemagetsi zvemagetsi diaries uye smartphone application

Zvekunze zvinobatsira zvinoita zvinoshandisika kubva kune varwere vakawanikwa nekukuvara kwehuropi uye vanoita kunge vanowedzera mnemonic performance uye zuva nezuva kuzvimiririra

Zvakare tsvaga zvinoenderana maitiro ekuchengetedza uye kutora ruzivo vanoita kunge vanoshanda chaizvo

Mazhinji ekutsvaga kwakatarisa vakuru uye vashoma vakafunga kudzoreredza munguva yekukura

Ngatiendei zvakananga

Sezvataurwa pamusoro, kutsvakisisa kwakawanda kwakatarisa mukushandisa zvinobatsira zvekunze zvinotariswa sezvinoita: diaries zvemagetsi (semuenzaniso, iyo NeuroPage), marekodhi ezwi kana smartphone zvinoshandiswa (seGoogle Calendar) iyo panguva yakatarwa isati yambirisa murwere kuti inguva yekuita chiitiko, inoratidzwa nemushini pachawo. Nenzira iyi dambudziko rekurangarira zvinhu panguva chaiyo raizodzikiswa (kanenge chikamu) kuchikamu chesangano, kureva kuiswa kwemidziyo kuitira kuti igova neruzivo rwakakosha (tsananguro yechiitiko chichaitwa) uye kuti vanotumira ziviso kune mukana wakakodzera senge, semuenzaniso, alarm ye alarm.
Muzvidzidzo zvakasiyana varwere vakadzidziswa, kuburikidza nehunyanzvi hwakadai sekukanganisa-husina kudzidza uye kupera tsika, kushandiswa kwezvinhu zvambotaurwa kubatsirana nekunetseka kwezuva nezuva munemonic munda, mukukura, vakuru uye zera [3][4][7][8][10][11][12][13][14] ine mhedzisiro inonakidza kubvira vanenge varwere vese vakanyanya kuvandudza kugona kwavo kuzadzisa zvakarongwa kuzvipira, kuwedzera kuzvidzora kwavo uye kuderedza kushushikana pane iye anotarisira. Izvo zvinofanirawo kucherechedzwa kuti kushandiswa kwakapararira kwemafoni uye kushandiswa kwayo kwemazuva ese sechirongwa chemagetsi nevanhu vazhinji vakajaira kuita kuti chishandiso ichi chisanyanye kushushikana muhupenyu hwezuva nezuva.

Kana zvidzidzo zvakawanda zvakatarisa pakushandisa zviwanikwa zvekunze (i.e. izvo zvoda kunyatsogadzirisa basa rakaremara), vamwe vanyori [5][6] ivo vakatsvaga mukana wekusvitsa zvinoshanda zvekunze zvinobatsira izvo chete zvinopa rubatsiro kuyeuka kuita mhiko, asi kusiya chikamu chakakosha kuvarwere: rangarira izvo izvokubatikana chakatorwa uye mairi nguva ndaifanira kuchipedzisa. Vaongorori vakaraira zvinyorwa kuti vashandise metacognitive mazano kuitira kuti uwane ruzivo rwakachengetwa kuitira kuti uite zviitiko zvisati zvagadzwa panguva yakafanira. Yekupedzisira yakagashira seyerubatsiro imwechete meseji inogona kuitika chero nguva yezuva (saka kwete mukuenderana nenguva chaiyoiyo yekuita chiito), neshoko rakatsanangurwa rakanga risina kana ruzivo pane chiitiko chinofanirwa kuitwa. Rudzi urwu rwe "ruoko rwakabata banga" rwaratidza kuti rwakakwana kuyeuchidza varwere kuisa zviitwa izvo nzira zvakadzidzwa kuitira kuti vayeuke zvakayeukwa uye izvi, zvaratidza kuve zvinobatsira mukuita zvimwe zviito zvakawanda kupfuura zvakaitika kumberi. Izvo zvakakosha kuti uzive kuti kugadziriswa kwemaitiro aya kwakonzera mhedzisiro inonakidza zvakare mukati kukura kwezera kunyange kana, seizvo vanyori pachavo vanonongedzera [6], zvinoda a kushingairira kuitawo kwevabereki nevashandi vechikoro, seyakaoma kuwana sekukosha.

Uchapupu pane kudzoreredza kweyekutarisa kwekuyeuka

Sevanyori vekuongorora isu tiri kubata nezve kunongedzera [9], kubva kutsvagurudzo dzakatorwa mukufunga kunobuda zvinhu zvinoratidza kuti mukana wekuwedzera kushanda kweyemukati memusoro wepfungwa, kwete yekuzviremedza: muzvidzidzo zvitatu zvinoenderana nekushandiswa kwezvinhu zvekunze zvinobatsira. [3][13][14] Humwe huwandu hwekuvandudza hwakaonekwa mukukwanisa kuzadzisa zvisungo panguva dzakatarwa, kunyangwe mushure mekubviswa kwemidziyo yemagetsi iyo yakashanda seyakaunzi mudziyo. Chidzidzo chaKrasny-Pacini [6] zvichibva pamatanho ekucherekedza, zvakaratidzawo kuvandudzwa kwemamwe mabasa kunze kweiyo yekuyedza, zvichisiya tarisiro yekuwanikwa kweizvi zvabuda kunze kwekutarisirwa.

mhedziso

Tichipa zvakaratidzwa neongororo iyi [9] vanachiremba vanogona kunge vaine nzira dzakasiyana dzekudzosera dziripo dzinogona kuratidza kuti dzinoshanda, kunyanya zvichibva pane:

pasidhi ekunze rubatsiro iyo inopa iyo ruzivo rwunofanirwa kuyeukwa kune zvigadzirwa zvemagetsi;

zvinoshanda zvekunze zvinobatsira zvinoda kuti murwere arangarira mamwe mashoko asipo pachigadzirwa,

metacognitive mazano izvo zvinobvumidza murwere kukwidziridza zviwanikwa zvavo zvekuziva kuti zviite zvakanyanya ivo.

Nekudaro, pane kudiwa kwekuwedzera zvidzidzo kune zera rekuvandudza, kushandisa maitiro akaomarara akadai seyakasarudzika miedzo yakadzorwa (zvidzidzo zvakaverengerawo mune izvi ongororo yezvinyorwa. chete-nyaya) uye kuve neruzivo rwakawanda rwekuti ndedzipi mhando dzekugadzirisa dzakanyanya kukodzera zvichienderana nehunhu hwemurwere wega.

Bibliographie

  1. Dobbs, AR, & Reeves, MB (1996). Anotarisirwa ndangariro: Kupfuura ndangariro. Mirangariro inoshanda: Mufungo uye mashandisiro, 199-225.
  2. Ellis, J. (1996). Propential memory kana kuzadzikiswa kweanononoka kufunga: Iyo conceptual dhizaini yekutsvaga. Mirangariro inoshanda: Mufungo uye mashandisiro, 1-22.
  3. Emslie, H., Wilson, BA, Quirk, K., Evans, JJ, & Watson, P. (2007). Kushandisa paging system mukugadzirisa kwevarwere veecephalitic. Neuropsychological kugadzirisa17(4-5), 567-581.
  4. Ferguson, S., Friedland, D., & Woodberry, E. (2015). Smartphone tekinoroji: Zviyeuchidzo zvinyoronyoro zvezuva nezuva mabasa kune avo vane tarisiro yekurangarira matambudziko mushure mekukuvara kwehuropi. Kuora kwebongo29(5), 583-591.
  5. Hove, J., Evans, JJ, Nimmo, M., Martin, E., Kersel, D., Bateman, A.,… & Manly, T. (2007). Kugadziriswa kwekusagadzikana kwekutevera kunotevera kukuvara kwehuropi: "Zvemukati-zvisina" cueing inovandudza mazuva ese anotarisirwa ndangariro kuita. Neuropsychologia45(6), 1318-1330.
  6. Krasny-Pacini, A., Limond, J., Evans, J., Hiebel, J., Bendjelida, K., & Chevignard, M. (2014). Context-sensitive chinangwa manejimendi manejimendi kudzidziswa kwezuva nezuva Executive kusagadzikana muvana mushure mekukuvara kwakakomba kwehuropi. Iyo Journal yekugadziriswa kwemusoro kushungurudzika29(5), E49-E64.
  7. Lannin, N., Carr, B., Allaous, J., Mackenzie, B., Falcon, A., & Tate, R. (2014). Chiyero chisingarambike chinodzorwa chekushanda kwemakomputa akabatwa nemaoko ekuvandudza kushanda kwezuva nezuva ndangariro kune varwere vane kukanganisika kwendangariro mushure mekukuvara kwehuropi Kliniki kugadzirisa28(5), 470-481.
  8. Lemoncello, R., Sohlberg, MM, Fickas, S., & Prideaux, J. (2011). Chiyero chisingachinjiki chinodzorwa crossover kuyedza Terevhizheni Inobatsira Kukurumidza (TAP) yevakuru vane kukuvara kwehuropi. Neuropsychological Regency Regency21(6), 825-846.
  9. Mahan, S., Rous, R., & Adlam, A. (2017). Kuongorora kwakarongeka kweiyo neuropsychological rehabilitation kune vangango tarisira kushomeka semhedzisiro yekuwana kukuvara kwehuropi. Chinyorwa cheInternational Neuropsychological Society23(3), 254-265.
  10. McDonald, A., Haslam, C., Yates, P., Gurr, B., Leeder, G., & Sayers, A. (2011). Google kalendari: Iyo nyowani yekurangarira rubatsiro kubhadhara avo vangango tarisira zvisipo zvichitevera kukuvara kwehuropi kwakawanikwa. Neuropsychological kugadzirisa21(6), 784-807.
  11. Van den Broek, MD, Downes, J., Johnson, Z., Dayus, B., & Hilton, N. (2000). Kuongororwa kweyemagetsi yekurangarira rubatsiro mune yeuropsychological kugadziridza kweanotarisira ndangariro kutadza. Kuora kwebongo14(5), 455-462.
  12. Waldron, B., Grimson, J., Carton, S., & Blanco-Campal, A. (2012). Kubudirira kweiye asina kuvandudzwa wedhijitari mubatsiri senzira yekubhadharisa yeanotadza kuyeuka kutadza muvakuru vane ABI. Iyo Iri Irish Iri Psychology33(1), 29-42.
  13. Wilson, BA, Emslie, H., Evans, JJ, Quirk, K., Watson, P., & Hove, J. (2009). Iyo NeuroPage system yevana nevechiri kuyaruka vane huroyi hushoma. Kubudirira kwetsinga yemaitiro12(6), 421-426. 
  14. Wilson, BA, Emslie, H., Quirk, K., Evans, J., & Watson, P. (2005). Kuongororwa kusarongeka kuyedza kuongorora iyo paging system kune vanhu vane njodzi yekukuvara kwehuropi. Bongo Kukuvadza19(11), 891-894.

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