Ndine mutsva aphasic murwere, ndamboita ongororo (kana mumwe munhu akazviita) uye ndinofanira kusarudza mhando yekurapa yekushandisa. Ndingaite sei? Yatova muna 2010 iyo Ongororo yeCochrane yakasimbisa kuti, kana kune rumwe rutivi kugona kwekutaura kurapa kupindira kuchienzaniswa nekusa-kupindira hakungarambike, kune rimwe divi hazvisati zvichikwanisika kusimbisa kuti ndeipi kupindira kunonyanya kushanda.

Sarudzo yemaitiro ekushandisa inoomeswa zvakanyanya nenyaya yekuti kune kurapwa kunoenderana nemitemo yakapesana, imwe neimwe iine humbowo hwayo hwekushanda. Heano mimwe mienzaniso:

Kubvumira kushandiswa kwemasaini kana kwete?


Izvo zvinonzi zvinosvika multimodal kurudzira kushandiswa kwechiitiko zvese se zano kukurudzira kudzoserwa kwekutaura, zvese senzira yekubhadhara yekutaurirana. Padivi rakapesana zvakanyanya, vatsigiri ve "dzidziso yekusashandiswa”Simbisa kuti kushandisa dzimwe nzira dzekutaura kunodzivirira kudzokororwa kwehunyanzvi hwekutaura. mune ino kesi, marapirwo anokurudzirwa ayo asingabvume mimwe migero kunze kweyekutaura, senge mune yechiitiko chekurapa CIAT.

Mifananidzo kana mazwi?

Pamwe imwe yenzira dzinozivikanwa kwazvo, iyo Semantic Feature Kuongorora, Inoshandisa zvakanyanya mifananidzo kuitira kuti iite kupora uye kutumidza zita. Zvakare mune ino kesi hapana kushomeka kwemimwe mienzaniso yakatarisana: iyo VNeST (kunyanya chiito-chakanangana nemaitiro ekuvaka mitsara), semuenzaniso, zvakavakirwa zvakazara pane zvinyorwa Kana ivo vezvakanyorwa zvinyorwa vakaona mumifananidzo nzira yeku "kutsausa" dhinominesheni nekuibatanidza nenzira yePavlovian yekuona kwechifananidzo, kune rimwe divi vatsigiri vezviverengero vanoratidzira kuti nzira chaiyo yemanyoro inoda kuverenga sei uye kunyora zvirinani zvakachengetedzwa zvishoma, izvo zvisingawanzo kuitika.

Zviri nyore kana zvakaoma?

Zvinoenderana neyekubatanidza modhi zvirevo zvemazwi iwo ndiwo poindi yemusangano pakati pekunzvera, mota-kutaura, zvinyorwa uye pfungwa-semantic domains. Kendall (2008) semuenzaniso, inosimbisa hukuru hwekudzoreredza kwemitezo yezvifoni mugadziriro yekuvandudza. Zvakare mune iyi kesi pane imwe bhero. Muenzaniso ndeye TUF (Kurapa kweMhando Dzemhando) naThompson naShapiro (2005), maringe nekurapwa kwe zvimiro zvakaomarara inogona, mukukwira, inotungamira kune generalization kune zvimiro zvisina kuomarara.

Kukanganisa-kwemahara kupora kana kudzidza?

Imwe nhandare huru yehondo, kunyanya kana zvasvika pamatanho ekutungamira kuwanda kwenhamba yemazwi achatumidzwa zita, ndeyekuti pakati pekupora nekudzidza pasina zvikanganiso Muchikamu chekutanga, muChirungu kudzosa, zvambotaurwa zvinosanganisirwa Semantic Feature Kuongorora iyo inokurudzira kuyedza kusvika pakupa zita rezita rakanangwa. Pane zvinopesana, iyo nzira isina kukanganisa, kutanga kubva pakufungidzira kuti zvikanganiso zvakagadzirwa zvakasunganidzwa mumusoro wemurwere pamwe chete nezvakanaka zvinogadzirwa, zvichitadzisa kupora kwavo. Panyaya iyi, kana murwere aburitsa izwi risiri iro, murapi anomumisa nechiratidzo uye anomuratidzira kakawanda kuzwi rakakodzera, achikumbira kuti ridzokororwe.

Nzira yekuzviita sei?

Kuongorora uku kunogona kuodza moyo vanotangisa: sarudzo ingaitwe sei kana zvese nzira uye zvinopesana zvichitsigirwa neuchapupu? Zano rakanakisa ratinogona kukupa, mune ino kesi, nderekuti ita nekuziva uye kwete kuchinja kubva pane imwe modhi kuenda pane imwe pahwaro hwekuvandudza usingazive iyo modhi yauri kureva; semuenzaniso, kushandisa mifananidzo uchiziva kuti pane nzira dzisingasanganise, uye kwete nekuti panguva iyoyo tinenge tine mifananidzo iripedyo. Zvakare, zviripo kuti kune nzira dzakasiyana zvakare nekuti hapana vaviri aphasic varwere vakafanana: vamwe vangangobatsirwa zvakanyanya kubva kune imwe nzira, vamwe kubva kune imwe. Mupfungwa iyi, zvakakosha kuve neiyokubhokisi guru rekushandisa kukwanisa, kana zvichidikanwa, kuchinjira kune imwe mhando yenzira apo yapfuura inoratidza kuti haina basa.

Yedu yepamhepo kosi

Kana iwe uri nyanzvi inofarira kurapwa kweaphasia, isu takagadzirira iyo asynchronous vhidhiyo kosi "Mushonga weafasia: anoshanda maturusi" (€ 80). Anopfuura maawa mana ekugadzirisa nezvinhu zvinoteedzera uye kuwana kwehupenyu kune izvo zvirimo.

Zvinogona zvakare kukufarira

Bibliographie

Kelly H, Brady MC, Enderby P. Kutaura uye mutauro mutauro weaphasia zvichitevera sitiroko. Cochrane Dhatabhesi reSystem Ongororo 2010, Nyaya 5. Art. Kwete.: CD000425. DOI: 10.1002 / 14651858.CD000425.pub2.

Kendall DL, Rosenbek JC, Heilman KM, Conway T, Klenberg K, Gonzalez Rothi LJ, Nadeau SE. Phoneme-based rehabilitation of anomia in aphasia. Brain Lang. 2008 Kubvumbi; 105 (1): 1-17. 

Thompson CK, Shapiro LP. Kurapa agrammatic aphasia mukati mechimiro chemitauro: Kurapa kweMafomu Anowanikwa. Aphasiology. 2005 Mbudzi; 19 (10-11): 1021-1036. 

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