Mumakore achangopfuura, kufarira kunetsa kwekutanga kwemitauro uye kuziva kwemaonero evanowanzoitika kuri kuwedzera. Musangano wekubvumirana[1] ya2019 yakajekesa izvozvo kukanganisa kwemitauro kunowanzobatanidzwa nemhando dzakasiyana dzekutambudzika kwekuziva. Izvi zvinosanganisira kuchinja mune mabasa makuru.

Sezvinogona kunzwisiswa kubva mumusoro, kutsvagurudza kwatiri kutaura nezvekushamwaridzana kushamwaridzana pakati pemabasa emutungamiriri uye zvakatemwa mitauro mune vana vepamberi.

Tsvakurudzo

Marini nevabati pamwe vakaita chidzidzo[2] paboka diki revana, vane makore ari pakati pegumi nemashanu, makore angaite hafu akawanikwa aine dambudziko remutauro. Chinangwa chaive chekuongorora zvinhu zvinotevera.


  • Kana vana vanekushomeka kwekutaura vaive nemashure ekuita bvunzo pane makuru mabasa
  • Kana mundima yemitauro hushomeka hune hanya nekunzwisisa nekugadzira
  • Kana zviyero muzviongororwa pamabasa epamusoro zvakapindirana nematambudziko edzidziso nerondedzero

Kusvika izvozvi, vana vese vakaedzwa remuromo rinoshanda memory, kureva Ndangariro dzeMienzaniso yeWISC-R, kune muyedzo wechinovhiringidza, i.e.chinovhiringidza ye NEPSY-II, uye miedzo yakati wandei ye mutauro inotorwa kubva muBVL 4-12 inoenda kuongororesa hunyanzvi hwekutsanangudza uye hwehunyanzvi hwehunyanzvi hwehunyanzvi, hunyanzvi hwemanzwisisiro mukunzwisisa nekugadzira, hunyanzvi hwechirembo mukunzwisisa nekugadzira, uye hunyanzvi hwezvekutaura.

Results

Kuenzaniswa ne yekutanga hypothesis, iyo data inosimbisa izvo vafungidzi vakafungidzira: paavhareji, vana vanoonekwa vaine chirwere chepfungwa mutauro vakaderera zveshuwa mumiyedzo yemabasa makuru akashandiswa (kushanda ndangariro e chinovhiringidza).

About the wechipiri hypothesis, dhata dzakanyanya kuomarara: mimwe mitauro yemitauro yakanyanya kuderera muvana vane mutauro wekutanga mutauro (kugona kutaura, kusarudzika kwemashoko, kunzwisisa uye kugadzirwa kwegirama, kushandiswa kwemashoko akakodzera mukurondedzera kurondedzera) nepo zvimwe zviitiko zvemashoko zvakafanana neizvo vana vane kujairika kukura (kugadzirwa uye lexical kunzwisisa, zvikanganiso zvekunzwisisa kwenyika panguva yekutaurira nyaya).

Pamusoro pe chechitatu hypothesis, mabasa ekutonga akaongororwa akanyatsoenderana nezvakawanda zvemitauro: 17% yeanodzvinyirira hunyanzvi hutsananguro hwakatsanangurwa nekushanda ndangariro; kurangarira kushanda kwakatsanangura 16% yeiyo mutsauko wefungidziro yemhedzisiro uye kusabvumidza wakatsanangura 59%; 38% yemusiyano wekunzwisisa kwegirama yakatsanangurwa nekushanda ndangariro apo inhibition yakatsanangura 49% yayo; kushanda ndangariro kwakatsanangura 10% ye lexical kudzidziswa, nepo 30% yekupedzisira yakatsanangurwa nezvakawanda mukuvhiringidza bvunzo; pakupedzisira, iyo inhibition yakatsanangura iyo 22% kusiana kwehuwandu hwehukama hukama nekuzara kwemitsara.

mhedziso

Iyo data ichangobva kutaurwa inoratidza hukama hwepedyo pakati pekusagadzikana kwemitauro uye mabasa makuru (kana zvimwe zvimwe zvinhu). Vana vane mitauro yakaoma ivo vanokwanisawo kuve nematambudziko shoma pakushanda ndangariro uye / kana mukugona kwavo kugona. Uyezve, kuwiriraniswa kwakawanikwa kwakaratidza kuti zvakanyanya kuora kushomeka kwemazwi, zvakanyanya mukana wekuwana shanduko mumabasa makuru.

Mhedzisiro yakananga yeizvi ndeyekuti, pamberi pechinetso chekutaura, chakakosha kudziridza kuongororwa kwekucherekedza zvishoma kusvika kune chiyero chemabasa makuru vakapiwa kukosha kwavo kwakapindirana mune zvakawanda zvehupenyu hwemwana uye vakapiwa mukana wekuti pane kusarongeka chaiko mune ino dura.

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