"Ndiudze mhuka dzese dzinouya mupfungwa dzako muminiti". Uku ndiko kunowanzoedzwa kuendesa kwe Semantic kutaura, iripo mumabhatiri akasiyana ezera rekukura uye zera revakuru (BVN, BVL, NEPSY-II kutumidza mashoma). Chiyero chinokurumidza kupa (miniti imwe pachikamu) uye, pamwe zvakare nekuda kwechikonzero ichi, inoshandiswa zvakanyanya mukuongororwa kweurouropsychological. Asi chii chaizvo icho chinoyera?

Chokwadi kuti ubudirire kuita semantic fluency bvunzo zvinodikanwa kuve neyakanaka lexical uye semantic imba yekuchengetera kubva kwariri kutora mazwi akakodzera. Iyo yekuchengetera yega, hongu, haina kukwana. Kwairi tinofanira kuwedzera mukana we zviwane zviri nyore

Chimwe chinhu chakakosha icho che nzira kutorwa: kune avo, vakamboziva chipembenene (semuenzaniso: "nhunzi"), vanoramba vachiita zvinhu zvekirasi imwechete ("wasp", "hornet", "nyuchi") vasati vamhanya voenda kune imwe seti yemhuka dzine hunhu hwakafanana ("parrot", "njiva", "gondo"); kune avo, semuenzaniso, avo vanofarira kushandisa zano rezwi ("imbwa", "canary", "hummingbird", "cormorant", "garwe").


Iwe zvakare unofanirwa kugara mukati memory mhinduro dzakatopihwa kudzivirira kudzokororwa.

Chekupedzisira, sezvo bvunzo dzekutsetsenura kazhinji dzinobata zvikamu zviviri zvematanho (semuenzaniso, "Chikafu" uye "Mhuka") uye maviri mafonogoni (semuenzaniso, "Mazwi anotanga na S" uye "Mazwi anotanga na F") zvakakosha kuti uwane zvakakwana zvipo zve Kubvuma sanduko kuitira kuti usabatike muchikamu cheboka rimwe chete (semuenzaniso, kusakwanisa kutaura chero chinhu kunze kwezvipembenene zve "Zvipfuyo" vamwe vana nevakuru, mumuyedzo "Ndiudze mazwi ese anotanga ne S" ramba uchingotaura mhuka dzakaita se "Nyoka", "Scorpio", zvichingodaro).

Kubva pano maonero, bvunzo "yakasviba" kwazvo iyo isingayeri basa chairo, asi inokanganiswa nekugona (kana kusashanda) kwemabasa akati wandei. Zvimwe zvidzidzo, kusanganisira imwe yeItaly naReverberi nevamwe vaaishanda navo [1], vakaedza kutsvaga zvikamu zvidiki mukati memisangano yekutsetsenura uye nenzira iyo izvi zvinogona kuzviratidza mumhando dzakasiyana dzezvinetso (kubva Chirwere cheAlzheimer kune akasiyana akasiyana eProgressive Aphasia Puraimari).

Saka nei uchiishandisa? Chekutanga pane zvese nekuti, mumunhu mukuru, dzakasiyana siyana dzinodzora pathologies dzinogona kutanga dzazviratidza nekudzikiswa kweiyo lexical-semantic imba yekuchengetera uye / kana yehukama kuwana. Naizvozvo tine bvunzo inogona kupihwa munguva pfupi inogona kutipa ruzivo rwekutanga nezve mamiriro ehutano hwechikamu chemitauro ichi. Zvakare, kune mukuru, bvunzo dzakaomarara dzakagadzirwa, kunyanya zvinoratidzwa kune avo vane dzidzo yepamusoro, senge inoshandura kuyerera kweCosta nevavanoshanda navo [2]. Pamusoro pezvo, kunyange hazvo zvichinyanya kuoma kuona nzvimbo dzenhengo dzinotangira pamuyedzo uyu, tinoziva kuti kazhinji matambudziko ekutaura kwemazwi phonological anowirirana nekukuvara kwepamberi, nepo chiverengero chidiki chekupindura kune semantic fluences inoenderana nekukuvara kwakanangana neyemukati lobe [3].

Bibliographie

[1] Reverberi C, Cherubini P, Baldinelli S, Luzzi S. Semantic kuyerera. Cortex. 2014 Chivabvu; 54: 150-64. doi: 10.1016 / j.cortex.2014.02.006

[2] Costa A, Bagoj E, Monaco M, Zabberoni S, De Rosa S, Papantonio AM, Mundi C, Caltagirone C, Carlesimo GA. Kumisikidza uye zvakajairika dhata zvakawanikwa muhuwandu hwevaItaly kwechinhu chitsva chemazwi chinonzwika, phonemic / semantic alternate fluency test. Neurol Sci. 2014 Mar; 35 (3): 365-72. doi: 10.1007 / s10072-013-1520-8

[3] Henry, JD, & Crawford, JR (2004). Meta-Ongororo Ongororo yeVerbal Fluency Performance Kuteedzera Focal Cortical Lesions. Neuropsychology, 18(2), 284-295.

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