Musoro: Kushingairira kukwegura: kudzidziswa kutsigira kugona kwekuita kune vakwegura

Vanyori: Rossana De Beni, Michela Zavagnin, Erika Borella

Mwaka: 2020

Muparidzi: Erickson

pafungidziro

Kudzidzira kwekuziva kuri, nedudziro, kugona kugadzirisa kwekufunga kunoitirwa vanhu vekweguru, nechinangwa chekuvandudza mashandiro muhupenyu hwezuva nezuva. Tichifunga kukura kuchembera yevagari vemo, zvinyorwa mumunyanzvi zvinyorwa pamusoro uyu zviri kuramba zvichiwedzera (Hudes, Rich, Troyer et al., 2019).

MuItaly panorama, mabhuku akati wandei akaburitswa ane chinangwa kune vanoshanda kuti vagadzire kupindira kwe kukurudzira kwekuziva mumwe munhu akanyorerwa kune vakwegura vane pfungwa dzekuzviremekedza mundangariro (Andreani Dentici, Amoretti naCavallini, 2004) kana kumunhu ane dementia (Bergamaschi, Iannizzi, Mondini, and said. 2007, XNUMX, XNUMX, XNUMX).

tsananguro

Sezvinotarisirwa nemusoro wenyaya pasi, iko kudzidziswa kwakagadzirirwa vakuru pamwe kujairika kukwegura o Kupfava kwekuziva Kusanzwisisika (MCI), inoitwa mumapoka.


Mushure mechikamu chekutanga, icho chinotsanangura muchidimbu kuti kudzidziswa kwekuziva kunosanganisira, kunoenzanisirwa maitiro matatu akasiyana ekudzidzisa anotsanangurwa muvhoriyamu akarongeka: metacognitive uye zvine hungwaru kudzidziswa uye kushanda ndangariro kudzidziswa. Kune zvakare mhando yechina inosanganisa iyo yapfuura (yakasanganiswa).

Ngatizvionei kwenguva pfupi rimwe nerimwe.

Inozvitsanangura metacognitive iko kudzidziswa kunoshanda pane zvinotendwa zvine chekuita neyekuyeuka uye hunyanzvi hwekuzviongorora. Mune kosi yerudzi urwu, vatori vechikamu vanopihwa ruzivo nezve hutano hwekuziva kukwegura, ndangariro masystem uye nekudyidzana pakati pekuziva uye nemanzwiro maitiro. Chinangwa ndechekuwedzera kuzviratidza pamusoro pezvinotendwa nemunhu mumwe nemumwe zvichitarisirwa nekushanda kwendangariro uye nemazano anotorwa otomatiki kubata mumusoro zvinhu, kuzviongorora kubudirira kwavo.

Mune a nzira yekudzidzisa vatori vechikamu vanozodzidziswa manemonic nzira, kureva matekinoroji anoshandiswa zvakanyanya kana zvishoma kuziva kuti kudzikamisa zvakadzama uye nekukurumidza kuyeuka kwezvinhu zvinozoiswa mumusoro (Gross & Rebok, 2011). Nzira dzinoshandiswa dzinogona kuve kuisa muchikamu (serialization kana kuisa muzvikamu), kushamwaridzana nemufananidzo wepfungwa (mifananidzo kana kuona), kana kugadzira nyaya dzine mazwi akanangwa. Muzvidzidzo zvakawanda, mazano akati wandei anoshandiswa pamwe chete, achifunga kuti kudzidziswa uko kunosanganisa nzira dzinoverengeka kunogona kushanda zvakanyanya muhupenyu hwezuva nezuva (Gross, Parisi, Spira et al., 2012). Zvakare, mumakiriniki maitiro, iwo mapindiro maviri (metacognitive uye zvine hungwaru) anowanzo shandiswa pamwe chete.

Pakupedzisira, mune kushanda kudzidzisa ndangariro vatori vechikamu vanopihwa kuteedzana kwemazwi (semuenzaniso mazwi) uye visuospatial zvinhu (semuenzaniso zvinzvimbo mumatrice), panguva dzakatemerwa nguva, kuti dzigadziridzwe mundangariro kubva nguva kusvika pane, zvichizokumbira kudzoreredzwa kwezvibodzwa zvakabatana. nezvikumbiro zvebasa (semuenzaniso "chii chechitatu chesekupedzisira izwi rawanzwa?"). Kazhinji kupindira uku kunotsanangurwa munzira dzakasiyana, asi pane zviitiko (Borella, 2010) zvakasangana mumapoka. Mukudzidzira kunotsanangurwa muvhoriyamu, vatori vechikamu vanoteerera runyorwa rwemazwi uye vanokumbirwa kuburitsa imwe mhinduro pavanonzwa zita rechikurudziro chiri muchikamu chakanangwa (semuenzaniso, mhuka). Pakupera kwekuratidzwa kwezvinyorwa ivo vanofanirwa kurangarira izvo zvinangwa zvinoratidzwa nenzira kwayo.

Kudzidziswa kwega kwega kunotsanangurwa muvhoriyumu kunosanganisira zvikamu zvishanu. Chikamu chega chega chinotungamirwa nechidimbu chiitiko kufunga: mune zvinangwa zvevanyori, ichi chikumbiro chinogona kuve nemhedzisiro pane yekusungwa.

Vhoriyamu zvakare inosanganisira yekuwedzera online, ine anodhinda uye akachekwa-makadhi, kuvaka ekurovedza mabhuku kuti aendeswe kune vatori vechikamu se basa remumba pakati pezvikamu.

Pro

  • Ndiyo chete bhuku riripo parizvino muItaly kupa chaiyo kudzidziswa kwekushanda ndangariro nechinangwa chevakuru.
  • Iwo mabhuku anoratidza kuti musanganiswa wehunyanzvi uye metacognitive kudzidziswa kuri kushanda zvakanyanya kupfuura iko kwekushandisa kwega kurovedzwa: mune iyi pfungwa kudzidziswa kwakabatanidzwa, senge iyo yakatsanangurwa mubhuku, kunogona kubatsira kupfuura kudzidzisa kumwe chete.

Zvinopesana

  • Kudzidziswa kwega kwega kunogadzirwa muzvikamu zvishanu chete, nhamba inoita kunge yakanyanya kudiki kutarisira mhedzisiro yakajeka neyakajairika hupenyu hwezuva nezuva.
  • Strategic kudzidziswa inotsvaga rondedzero yemazwi uye ndima sezvinhu Kuti ubatsire zvakanyanya muhupenyu hwezuva nezuva, zvinogona kunge kuri kuchenjera kutsvaga ecological mazwi zvinyorwa (semuenzaniso, yekutenga rondedzero) uye shandira pane maonero ndangariro. Isu tinoziva kuti matambudziko mune anotarisirwa ndangariro ari pakati pezvinyunyuto zvakajairika mukuziva kune vakwegura zvakajairika (Mc Daniel & Bugg, 2012). Muchokwadi, yakanaka muzana yeruzivo iyo munhu wese anodaidzwa kuti abate nemusoro zuva rega rega ine chekuita nemhando iyi yekurangarira: saka ibasa rakakosha uye rine simba muhupenyu hwezuva nezuva.

mhedziso

Iyi vhoriyamu nyowani yakatsaurirwa mukusimudzira kwekuziva "Kushingairira kukwegura: kudzidziswa kutsigira kugona kwekuita kune vakwegura"Inogona kubatsira kumutsiridziro kuronga rovedzo yakanangana nekushanda ndangariro uye / kana kuwedzera mashandisirwo emazano ekubata nemusoro ruzivo muhupenyu hwezuva nezuva. Iwo kudzidziswa kunoderedzwa muzvikamu (zvishanu parudzi rumwe) uye nemhando yekurovedza muviri, asi mabasa akarongwa anogona kuita hwaro hunobatsira hwekuumba kudzidziswa kwakazara.

Bibliographie

Andreani Dentici, O., Amoretti, G. & Cavallini, E. (2004). Ndangariro yevakuru: gwara rekuichengeta ichishanda. Erickson, Trento

Bergamaschi, S., Iannizzi, P., Mondini, S. & Mapelli, D. (2007). Dementia: 100 yekuziva yekusimudzira yekurovedza muviri. Raffaello Cortina Muparidzi, Milan.

Borella, E., Carretti, B., Riboldi, F. & De Beni, R. (2010). Kushanda ndangariro kudzidziswa muvakuru vakuru: humbowo hwekuchinjisa uye kugadzirisa mhedzisiro. Psychology uye Kukwegura, 25 (4), 767-778.

De Beni, R., Zavagnin, M. & Borella, E. (2020). Kushingairira kukwegura: kudzidziswa kutsigira kugona kwekuita kune vakwegura. Erickson, Trento.

Gross, AL, Parisi, J., M., Spira, AP, Kueoder, A., Ko, JY, Saczynski, JS. and said (2012). Yekuyeuchidza kudzidziswa kwevakuru vakuru: meta-ongororo Kukwegura uye Utano Hwepfungwa, 16 (6), 722-734.

Gross & Rebok (2011). Yekuyeuchidza kudzidziswa uye zano rekushandisa muvakuru vakuru: mhedzisiro kubva kuAITIVE kudzidza. Psychology uye Kukwegura, 26 (3), 503-517.

Hudes, R., Mupfumi, JB, Troyer, AK, Yusupov, I. & Vandermorris, S. (2019). Iko kukanganisa kwekurangarira-zano kudzidzisa kupindira pane anotora chikamu-mhedzisiro mhedzisiro muvakuru vane hutano vakuru: ongororo yakarongeka uye meta-ongororo. Psychology uye Kukwegura, 34 (4), 587 - 597.

Mc Daniel, MA & Bugg, JM (2012) ndangariro dzekudzidzisa ndangariro: chii chakakanganikwa?. Zvinyorwa zveApplied Tsvagiridzo muKurangarira uye Kubvuma, 1 (1), 58-60.

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